A lesson we can learn from oysters is that even though they have no heart to feel and no brain to reason, many of their species build massive reef communities which provide protection for one another; and not only for their own kind, but for many other ocean organisms. Very fittingly, they’ve been referred to as the “unshellfish”.
This extinct oyster was a large species that lived in the soft sediment of ancient shallow marine waters. It possessed a thick shell with a distinct pattern of ribbing and pitting representing growth lines. Many of its kind thrived during the Upper Cretaceous Period around 65 to 100 million years ago. Their shells opened to expose a foot and a siphon to filter food and take in oxygen from the ocean water.
Scientific Name: Exogyra, ponderosa
Common Name: Oyster
Phylum: Mollusk (large group of marine and fresh water invertebrates having soft bodies enclosed in a shell)
Class: Pelecypod or Bivalve (means hinged shell)
Order: Ostreoida (means true oyster with irregular shell and adductor muscle; pearl oysters are not true oysters)
Family: Gryphaeidae (includes honeycomb oyster or foam oyster characterized under magnification distinct shell structure)
Genus: Exogyra (extinct group of large shallow marine oysters possessing thick shells with distinctive spiraled peak and ribbing on left valve; right valve was smaller and flattened)
People and Oysters
In Greek mythology, the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite, was said to have sprang up out of the ocean on an oyster shell. The term “Aphrodisiac”, meaning to heighten love, has been related to oysters ever since. Also, the charismatic Casanova was known to have eaten twelve oysters a day, believing it would enrich his love life.
Oysters have been a part of the human diet since the Greeks and Romans. Today, two-billion pounds are eaten every year around the world. Oysters are prepared in a variety of ways, but raw on the half shell is the most nutritious. Oysters contain rich sources of B vitamins, and scarce minerals such as calcium, iron, zinc, selenium and magnesium.
Hand crafted oyster jewelry making is a popular past time. Only one in 10,000 oysters produce a pearl so human intervention has found a way to culture them artificially, but it still takes about six years for the oyster to complete the process. Many artists also craft beautiful jewelry using the shells of various oysters.
Today many of these small oyster fossils (shown below) are found in abundance within shell banks along North American coast lines. They were originally likely washed ashore during storms and deposited on the beaches. Eventually, layers and layers of sand buried them deep where they fossilized into limestone. I’ve made my best guesstimates to identify them.